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What is it?

Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder wall. This inflammation can be caused by a urinary tract infection (UTI) or as a reaction to drugs, radiation, or irritants like catheters or hygiene sprays.  There are several variants of cystitis depending on the cause.  These include interstitial cystitis, drug-induced cystitis, radiation cystitis, foreign-body cystitis, and chemical cystitis.


Symptoms of cystitis include:

  • Strong urge to urinate
  • Frequent small amounts of urine
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Blood in the urine (hematuria)
  • Cloudy urine
  • Strong-smelling urine
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • A feeling of pressure or pain in the lower abdomen


Tests to diagnosis cystitis include:

  • Urine analysis – A urine sample will be tested for bacteria, blood, or pus.
  • Cystoscopy –A cystoscopy allows the doctor to examine the inside of your urethra and bladder by use of a small scope inserted through the urethra.  This test can also be used to perform a small biopsy for analysis.
  • Imaging tests – An x-ray or ultrasound may be used to rule out other potential causes of bladder inflammation


Antibiotics are used for the treatment of cystitis.  The length of treatment, type of and strength of the antibiotic depend upon your health and the type of bacteria found in your urine.